Almost everyone knows that composting can help you make naturally-rich garden soil from your kitchen food scraps and yard trimmings. Composting can be done in many ways such as open pit composting, open bins composting, with the use of tumblers, piling, vermicomposting, and using a kitchen scrap bin.
Take Note of the Essential Composting Ingredients
Added to those is a number of environmental factors where the scraps are decomposed, and that includes the microbes responsible for decomposition. Supplying these microorganisms with the appropriate elements and proper physical atmosphere can give you the best and healthy soil for your plants. In this article, you will learn about the important things to consider when you want to produce a good soil by composting.
There are two common types of microbes used for composting, namely, the aerobic microbes and the anaerobic microbes.
Aerobic microorganisms are naturally occurring microbes which make use of oxygen to live and do the composting job. When composting in a kitchen scraps bin, you must make sure that it has enough air holes for proper ventilation. These microbes are already present in the soil and are assisted by other factors to create compost. As they “eat” their way up the pile of kitchen and yard scraps, they produce heat, water, and carbon dioxide.
Unlike aerobic microbes, anaerobic microbes do the composting without depending on oxygen. Just placing food scraps and yard trimmings in a tightly closed kitchen scrap bin or a food scraps bin can decompose the materials. However, the anaerobic composting process can create a foul smell caused by the carbon dioxide, methane gas, hydrogen sulfide produced during the decomposition process. Also, this composting process is much slower than the aerobic process.
Other organisms such as earthworms, spiders, centipedes, snails, and leeches can contribute to the composting process as well as “eat” up the pile into tiny pieces.
The microbes that do most of the dirty work need water in order to survive. However, it is hard to determine the exact quantity of water to add to ensure that the composting process won’t be undermined. One rule of thumb is simply to add less water when there are green cuttings such as weeds, leaves, and grass you put in. On the other hand, putting in brown materials such as hay and straw will require more water, but not too much. Even when you include mixed paper recycling in your compost, make sure that you add enough water to maintain moisture.
Oxygen is used for aerobic composting. Turning the pile or the tumbler more often will help the bacteria get enough oxygen for the decomposition process. The process of turning your pile can rearrange it, putting the less decaying materials on the edge into the middle of the pile to heat up.
If you are a serious gardener, using a compost thermometer will help you determine the level of heat in your pile. Through this, you will know when to turn the pile, when to add more materials for composting, when to add water, and when to harvest it.
Using a kitchen scrap bin or creating a compost pit are both useful to generally reduce wastes from your home. However, make sure that you place or make them in the right spot in your house or near your garden to avoid unwanted damaging effects. If you prefer using a bin for compost, visit Ecobin and other compost bin distributors near you.
When adding new organic materials into your pile, avoid squeezing them in as this can expel the air around the compost and will eventually kill your aerobic microbes. Try to add some grass trimmings and leaves or sawdust to reduce smell and keep them from insects who will ruin your pile.